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Anhalt - House Order of Albert the Bear Grand Cross Set

Anhalt - House Order of Albert the Bear Grand Cross Set

Anhalt - House Order of Albert the Bear Grand Cross Set

ITEM K-7464
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DESCRIPTion, DETaILS & Photos
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PERIOD 1870 — 1918
COUNTRY Imperial Germany
MATERIAL gold, silver, bronze
DIMENSIONS
MAKER
WEIGHT
LOT K-7464
EAN 2000000585161
LOT K-7464
PERIOD 1870 — 1918
COUNTRY Imperial Germany
EAN 2000000585161
MATERIAL gold, silver, bronze
DIMENSIONS
MAKER
WEIGHT
PERIOD 1870 — 1918
COUNTRY Imperial Germany
LOT K-7464
MATERIAL gold, silver, bronze
DIMENSIONS
EAN 2000000585161
MAKER
WEIGHT
Imperial Germany
Anhalt - House Order of Albert the Bear Grand Cross Set


Description

Grand Cross set of the Anhalt House Order Albert the Bear. The set consists of the actual Grand Cross badge, the star and sash. The order was awarded from 1836-1918.

 The grand cross badge constructed of bronze gilt; the obverse displaying a crowned bear walking on-top of a fortress wall, circumscribed “Fürchte Gott und Befolge seine Befehle” (Fear God and Follow his Commands); the reverse inscribed “Albrecht der Baer Reg: 1123 bis 1170”; suspended from a double looped ring and its period original full-size sash ribbon; measuring 47.15 mm (w) x 60.24 mm (h); weighing 43.6 grams; The breast star in the shape of an eight-pointed multi-rayed star; the obverse with a slightly domed central silver medallion, with a black enameled crowned bear walking on-top of a red enameled fortress wall, surrounded by a green enameled ring, inscribed “Fürchte Gott und Befolge seine Befehle” (Fear God and Follow his Commands); the reverse plain with a vertical pinback and a functional hinge/catch assembly; measuring 84.86 mm (w) x 84.68 mm (h); weighing 77.4 grams. The cross and star had been varnished with a protective lacquer.

Extremely fine condition.

The set was part of the "Dr. Albert Goodwin Collection", a preeminent assemblage of world Orders, Medals, and Decorations composed solely by Dr. Goodwin between 1946-1967. Dr. Goodwin had a successful career as an educator and prominent physician in New York as well as actively serving in both World Wars with the United States Medical Corps. He acted as both President and Vice-President of the Orders and Medals Society of America (OMSA) and is responsible for organizing their first convention in 1960. He maintained further membership with the American Society of Military Collectors, the International Orders Research Society, and the American Numismatic Society.


Condition
1-
Historical information
Award period
1836 - 1918 -
OEK
Institution date
Instituted by

The Dukes of the three Anhalt states, Heinrich of Anhalt Koethen, Leopold Friedrich of Dessau and Alexander Carl of Bernburg, founded the House Order of Albert the Bear February 1837. The Foundation document was backdated to the Birthday of the orders patron, November 18, 1836.

The order had initially 3 classes, the Grand Cross, Commander Cross and Knight Cross as well as an affiliated golden and silver medal. The decorations of the order were of the same plain golden design but of different sizes in order to distinguish the different grades. The decoration was in the shape of an oval badge with the Anhalt bear climbing on a crested wall surrounded by a wreath statement on its avers: “Fuerchte (or “Fürchte”) Gott und folge seine Befehle” (Fear God and follow his orders), split at the crest of the badge by the Anhalt crest. The reverse shows: “Albrecht der Baer Reg: 1123 bis 1170”. The grand cross star is a eight pointed one showing the round version of the avers of the decoration in its center. The wreath is done here in green, the bear itself in black and the crested wall in red enamel. The later added star to the grand commander decoration shares that medallion yet is of very different design. The silver rays of the star are inverted and show golden Anhalt crowns in between them at 3, 5, 7 and 9 o’clock. The collar chain of the order's grandmaster was added in June 1839 and awarded the first time in 1841. The chain consists of a sequence of segments, being a) a medallion segment showing a green wreath around a white enamel base showing the golden cypher of the duke surmounted by a red enameled crown, b) an oval segment with golden wreath surrounding a red enameled eagle to the left half and a green enamel crown of rue over a black enameled and golden striped background, c) a medallion segment showing a green wreath around a white enamel base showing the golden cypher of the duke surmounted by a red enameled crown and d) a enameled version of the orders badge itself (bear and crested wall).

On March 18, 1848, the commander class was split into commander and the superseding grand commander with star.

The knight cross class was split on February 8, 1854, into the knight first and knight second class, being a plain silver badge.

Swords for war merit were added to all classes including the medals on July 18, 1864.

The Merit Order for Arts and Science was founded on July 30, 1873 and affiliated to the House Order on September 19, 1875.

June 22, 1888, marked the first award of a grand cross decoration with diamonds, without an adjustment of the order's statues, followed by the same unrecorded act of awarding a decoration for ladies and princesses on May 22, 1896.

On April 29, 1901, the crown was added by statute to all grades excluding the medals. The crown matched the base metal of the decorations, hence was either silver or gold. The Crown could be awarded with the decoration or as a special award to the decoration. On August 19, 1904, the medals were included in the above practice.

The affiliated Merit Order for Arts and Science was redesigned on January 01, 1912, and expanded to 3 classes on August 19, 1912.

End of 1918 an officer cross was placed in between the commander and knight cross 1st class was discussed but not issued anymore.

The orders archives, including the roles of the order, located in the Chateaux in Zerbst were unfortunately destroyed on April 16, 1945. Estimates of the number of decorations awarded were recreated by other means, however.

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