Prussia - House Order of Hohenzollern, Commander's Cross
Prussian House Order of Hohenzollern, Commander's Cross. Made in the 30's
The cross comes with fine enameled arms and a hollow crown on top. Tombak type. The center medallion shows the Hohenzollern imperial eagle and the motto "VOM FELS ZUM MEER" (FROM THE CLIFFS TO THE SEA). The medallion on the other side displays the royal monogram of Friedrich Wilhelm IV as well as the institution date "18. January 1851". Bordered by a green enamel laurel wreath. Including the matching ribbon. Length: 32 cm.
Interestingly enough the Crown on this commander cross is the actual version of a Red Eagle Order Grand Cross.
1851 - 1918
January 18, 1851
King Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
When King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. signed over the Hohenzollern principalities to Prussia on December 7, 1849, he kept the principal House Order of Hohenzollern within his order system. The Prussian king was however driven to recreate the House Order of Hohenzollern within the Prussian Order system and did so on the 150-year jubilee festivities of the coronation of King Friedrich I. on January 18, 1851. The new Motto: “Vom Fels zum Meer” (From Mountain Top to Ocean) was a play on the extension from the Mountain Top the Hohenzollern stemmed from to the Baltic See bordering the Prussian lands.
The order ended up being awarded in two divisions, one for general and the other for civil and clerical services with decorations for Grand Commander (Cross on collar with 8-pointed star), Commanders (neck cross with and without star), Knights and Proprietor. The clerical/civil division wore all order decorations in form of the Hohenzollern eagle. The general division was able to wear decorations for bravery – swords.
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